Image from page 119 of “A larger history of the United States of America, to the close of President Jackson’s administration” (1886)
Image from page 119 of “A larger history of the United States of America, to the close of President Jackson’s administration” (1886) by Internet Archive Book Images
Title: A larger history of the United States of America, to the close of President Jackson’s administration
Year: 1886 (1880s)
Authors: Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911
Publisher: New York, Harper & Brothers
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: Sloan Foundation
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f Raleighs unsuc-cessful colony in what is now North Carolina, he sailed forEngland. What a lawless and even barbarous life was this whichDrake led upon the American coast and among the Spanishsettlements! Yet he was not held to have dishonored hisnation, but the contrary. His Queen rewarded him, poetssang of him, and Sir Philip Sidney, the mirror of all chivalryat that day, would have joined one of his expeditions had nothis royal mistress kept him at home. The Spaniards wouldhave done no better, to be sure, and would have brought tobear all the horrors of the Inquisition besides. Yet the Eng-lish were apt pupils in all the atrocities of personal torture.Cavendish, who afterwards sailed in the track of Drake, cir-cumnavigating the globe like him, took a small bark on thecoast of Chili, which vessel had on board three Spaniards anda Flemino;. These men were bound to Lima with letters warn-ing the inhabitants of the approach of the English, and they 7* 102 HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES.
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had sworn before their priests that in case of danger the let-ters should be thrown overboard. Yet our General, says the narrator, wrought sowith them that they didconfess it; but he was fainto cause them to be tor-mented with their thumbsin a wrench, and to con-tinue three several timeswith extreme pain. Also hemade the old Fleming be-lieve that he would, hanghim, and the rope beingabout his neck, he waspulled up a little from thehatches, and yet he wouldnot confess, choosing ratherto die than to be perjured.In the end it was confessedby one of the Spaniards. Who can help feeling more respectfor the fidelity of this old man, who would die but not breakhis oath, than for the men who tortured him ^ Yet it is just to say that the expeditions of Cavendish, likethe later enterprises of Drake, were a school for personalcourage, and were not aimed merely against the defenceless.Cavendish gave battle off California to the great Spanish flag-ship of the Pacific, the Santa Anna, of 700 tons bu
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