Image from page 270 of “Admiral Duncan” (1898)
Image from page 270 of “Admiral Duncan” (1898) by Internet Archive Book Images
Title: Admiral Duncan
Year: 1898 (1890s)
Authors: Camperdown, Robert Adam Philips Haldane Duncan, Earl of, 1841-1918
Subjects: Duncan of Camperdown, Adam Duncan, Viscount, 1731-1804 Camperdown, Battle of, 1797
Publisher: London, New York and Bombay, Longmans, Green, and co.
Contributing Library: Duke University Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Duke University Libraries
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Text Appearing Before Image:
Camperdown was won at a momentwhen the spirit of the Nation was flagging, andit imparted fresh strength to Mr. Pitt and hisGovernment. On the Continent of Europe, the FrenchRepublic had for some time triumphed everywhereover the Alhed Powers. Napoleons splendidcampaign of 1796 in Itaty; the failure of LordMalmesburys negotiations in Paris at the end of thesame year; the misfortunes of Austria in 1797, whichhad obliged her to consent to the PreliminaryArticles of Peace at Leoben, resulting in the Treatyof Campo Formio (October 17, 1797)—all these un-toward occurrences were discouraging in the extreme,and made the war and the enormous pecuniarysacrifices which it entailed more and more unpopularin Great Britain. Even on the sea the supremacy of Great Britainhad been somewhat shaken. Spain had now joinedher Naval forces to France, and the numericalsuperiority of the two Navies was such that theBritish Fleet had been compelled to retire fromthe Mediterranean. The Channel Fleet also had
Text Appearing After Image:
WaJk»racFcutall.ph,sa Q.yux/y/iyt/r^ziy ^/It y(///t^c^/n/. NEWS OF THE VICTORY 239 failed to prevent or even to detect the despatch 1797from Brest of a large French expedition to Ireland,which miscarried only because the Fraternite frigate with Admiral Morardand General Hoche, thetwo Commanders of the Forces, on board, wasseparated in stormy weather from her consorts, andbecause of the timidity of Admiral Bouvet, thesecond in command. The one redeeming feature had been the memor-able victory gained on February 15, 1797, off CapeSt. Vincent, by Sir John Jervis, who, with fifteensail of the line, routed and drove into CadizLangaras Fleet of twenty-seven sail, of w^hich hecaptured four. Since that success, however, mutinyhad occurred in the Home Ports ; the Thames hadbeen closed by British ships of w^ar ; and althoughthe seamen as a body had disclaimed any traitorousintentions, some of their leaders had proposed totake over the ships to the enemy. It is not sur-prising if, under these c
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